Tsat.mean.callisto /Tsat.mean.io = 134 K /110 K = 1,2181
1,2181 /1,1828 = 1,029 or only 2,9 % difference !
Io and Callisto have Φ = 1
And that explains the reasons Callisto is the warmest Jupiter's satellite.
Canymede and Europa have Φ = 0,47 .
A smooth planet has Φ = 0,47 so the old blackbody equation Te temperature (calculated without inserting the actual Φ = 0,47) is closer to the satellite measured Tmean.
That is how the tragic coincidences happen, like - the Mars' Te.old tragic coincidence, when Tsat.mean.mars = 210 K and Te.old.mars = 209,8 K appeared almost equal, which led to the wrong conclusion that the planets' Tmean = Te.
Actually the Tsat.mean.mars = 210 K should be compared with the Te.correct.mars = 174 K.
06.11 | 11:57
It is impossible here, if you like we may communicate at: